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el fili

el fili

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Published by: Aileen Grace Delima on Feb 21, 2008
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From http://www.homestead.com/ faduljrizalj/ files/ ElFilibusterismo-Excellent.html

El Filibusterismo was Rizal's second novel published in Ghent, Belgium in 1891 with the
financial help of Valentin Ventura. It is a sequel to his first novel, Noli Me Tangere.

The main character of El Filibusterismo is Simoun, a rich jeweler from Cuba. He was
Crisostomo Ibarra of Noli Me Tangere who, with Elias' help, escaped from the pursuing
soldiers at Laguna Lake, dug up his buried treasure, and sailed to Cuba where he became rich
and made friends with many Spanish officials. After many years, he returns to the Philippines
in disguise. He has become so powerful because he became an adviser of the governor-
general. On the outside, Simoun is a friend of Spain. But deep in his heart, he is secretly
planning a bitter revenge against the Spanish authorities. His obsessions are 1) to incite a
revolution against the Spanish authorities, and 2) to rescue Maria Clara from the Sta.Clara
convent.

The novel begins on board the dipper-shaped steamer, Tabo, sailing upstream the Pasig River
from Manila to Laguna Lake. Among the passengers are:

Simoun, the rich jeweler;

Doña Victorina, the ridiculously pro-Spanish native woman who is going to Laguna in search
of her henpecked husband, Tiburcio de Espadaña, who left her;

Paulita Gomez, Doña Victorina's niece;

Ben Zayb, a Spanish journalist who ridicules Filipinos;

Padre Sybila, Vice Rector of the Univeristy of Santo Tomas;

Padre Camorra, the parish priest of Tiani town;

Don Custodio, a pro-Spanish Filipino holding a high government position;

Padre Salvi, a thin Franciscan priest and a former cura of San Diego;

Padre Irene, a kind frier who was a friend of the Filipino students;

Padre Florentino, a retired scholarly and patriotic Filipino priest;

Isagani, lover of Paulita; he is a poet and a nephew of Padre Florentino; and

Basilio, the elder of the two sons of the late Sisa, he is a promising medical student whose
medical education is financed by his patron, Capitan Tiago.

Simoun, wealthy and mysterious, is a close friend of the Spanish governor general. He was
nicknamed Brown Cardinal and Black Eminence because of his influence in Malacañang. By
using his political influence and wealth, he encourages corruption in the government ans
hastens the moral degradation of the country so that the people may become desperate and
fight. He smuggles ammunitions into the country with the help of a rich Chinese merchant,
Quiroga, who wants very much to be Chinese consul of Manila. Simoun's initial attempt to

start the uprising did not push through because at the lat hour he heard the sad news that
Maria Clara died in the convent. In his agonizing moment of bereavement, he did not give the
signal for the attack.

After his illness brought about by the death of Maria Clara, Simoun fine-tunes his plan to
overthrow the government. On the occasion of the wedding of Paulita Gomez and Juanito
Pelaez, he gives a wedding gift to them a beautiful lamp. Only he and his confidential
associate, Basilio (Sisa's son who joined the revolutionalry cause), know that when the wick
of his lamp burns lower, the nitroglycerine hidden in a secret compartment of the lamp will
explode. Thus, all the guests where the wedding feast is being held will be killed, including
the governor-general, the friars, ans the government officials. At the same time, Simoun's
followers will attack the government buildings in Manila.

As the wedding feast begins, Isagani, who has been rejected by Paulita because of his liberal
ideas, is standing outside the house, sadly watching the merriment inside. Basilio chances
upon Isagani and, warns him to go away because the lighted lamp will soon explode. Upon
learning the secret of the lamp, Isagani realizes that her former girlfriend, Paulita was in
grave danger. He rushes into the house to save her life. He steals the lamp and hurls it into the
river where it explodes. The revolutionary plot was thus discovered.

El Filibusterismo: Mga Tauhan

Ang nobelang "El Filibusterismo" ay isinulat ng ating magiting na bayaning si Dr. Jose Rizal
na buong pusong inalay sa tatlong paring martir, na lalong kilala sa bansag na GOMBURZA -
Gomez, Burgos, Zamora.

Tulad ng "Noli Me Tangere", ang may-akda ay dumanas ng hirap habang isinusulat ito.
Sinimulan niyang isulat ito sa London, Inglatera noong 1890 at ang malaking bahagi nito ay
naisulat niya sa Bruselas, Belgica. Natapos ang kanyang akda noong Marso 29, 1891. Isang
Nagngangalang Valentin Viola na isa niyang kaibigan ang nagpahiram ng pera sa kanya
upang maipalimbag ang aklat noong Setyembre 22, 1891.
Ang nasabing nobela ay pampulitika na nagpapadama, nagpapahiwatig at nagpapagising
pang lalo sa maalab na hangaring makapagtamo ng tunay na kalayaan at karapatan ang
bayan.

Mga Tauhan:

Simoun

Ang mapagpanggap na mag-aalahas na nakasalaming may kulay

Isagani

Ang makatang kasintahan ni Paulita

Basilio

Ang mag-aaral ng medisina at kasintahan ni Juli

Kabesang Tales

Ang naghahangad ng karapatan sa pagmamay- ari ng lupang sinasaka na inaangkin ng mga
prayle

Tandang Selo

Ama ni Kabesang Tales na nabaril ng kanyang sariling apo

Ginoong Pasta

Ang tagapayo ng mga prayle sa mga suliraning legal

Ben-zayb

Ang mamamahayag sa pahayagan

Placido Penitente

Ang mag-aaral na nawalan ng ganang mag-aral sanhi ng suliraning pampaaralan

Padre Camorra

Ang mukhang artilyerong pari

Padre Fernandez

Ang paring Dominikong may malayang paninindigan

Padre Florentino

Ang amain ni Isagani

Don Custodio

Ang kilala sa tawag na Buena Tinta

Padre Irene

Ang kaanib ng mga kabataan sa pagtatatag ng Akademya ng Wikang Kastila

Juanito Pelaez

Ang mag-aaral na kinagigiliwan ng mga propesor; nabibilang sa kilalang angkang may
dugong Kastila

Makaraig

Ang mayamang mag-aaral na masigasig na nakikipaglaban para sa pagtatatag ng Akademya
ng Wikang Kastila ngunit biglang nawala sa oras ng kagipitan.

Sandoval

Ang kawaning Kastila na sang-ayon o panig sa ipinaglalaban ng mga mag-aaral

Donya Victorina

Ang mapagpanggap na isang Europea ngunit isa namang Pilipina; tiyahin ni Paulita

Paulita Gomez

Kasintahan ni Isagani ngunit nagpakasal kay Juanito Pelaez

Quiroga

Isang mangangalakal na Intsik na nais magkaroon ng konsulado sa Pilipinas

Juli

Anak ni Kabesang Tales at katipan naman ni Basilio

Hermana Bali

Naghimok kay Juli upang humingi ng tulong kay Padre Camorra

Hermana Penchang

Ang mayaman at madasaling babae na pinaglilingkuran ni Juli

Ginoong Leeds

Ang misteryosong Amerikanong nagtatanghal sa perya

Imuthis

Ang mahiwagang ulo sa palabas ni G. Leeds

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